The Telangana authorities is beginning a pilot challenge on single-pick cotton in about 50,000 acres. This comes at a time when cotton yields have remained stagnant for years and farmers are discovering it tough to search out labor for it.
Single-pick cotton can be appropriate for machine harvesting because the vegetation would now develop to an almost uniform top of knee stage as in comparison with tall varieties grown throughout the nation. Machine harvesting with a low altitude selection will scale back the issues related to the harvesting season.
Presently, farmers carry cotton twigs not less than thrice and typically as much as 4 instances. The only-pick technique will lengthen the crop for a number of weeks and allow farmers to finish the crop in a single go.
“This may give a possibility to the farmers to go for one more brief length crop. Apart from, the strategy will assist in rising the yield by 40 per cent,” knowledgeable Nationwide Seed Affiliation of India (NSAI) President M Prabhakar Rao. enterprise Line,
Though the strategy, also referred to as high-density tree planting, is being tried by varied agricultural universities, it has been restricted to restricted trials.
“This would be the first time that it is going to be tried in a big space. If it yields good outcomes, it may be a game-changer for the nation’s cotton sector,” he stated.
Single-pick cotton refers to forms of cotton that flower on the identical time and have a single burst of cauliflower, versus conventional varieties which have three flushes of flowers. Due to this fact, the bursting of sycamores additionally happens three or 4 instances, leading to 3-4 pluckings.
Widespread cotton vegetation are tall and bushy, occupying a whole lot of house, on account of which solely 7,000-8,000 vegetation per acre might be planted. In response to Ram Kaundinya, Director Common, Federation of Seed Trade of India (FSII), selecting requires a whole lot of labour, which accounts for about 20 per cent of farmers’ returns.
Though the nation has the world’s largest cotton manufacturing space with 13.4 million hectares or one-third of the worldwide cotton space, productiveness is low at 473 kg/ha in opposition to the worldwide stage of 766 kg/ha.
“The challenges of low and medium productiveness areas might be addressed by rising the genetic base of the genotype and rising the yield per unit space by adopting improved agronomic practices,” he stated.
Kaundinya stated that FSII has began Excessive-Density Planting System (HDPS) in choose districts of Maharashtra and Telangana.
Nonetheless, farmers say the brand new technique will imply increased prices. “The tactic includes some extra funding by farmers. They’ve to make use of 4-5 packets of seeds (450 grams every) per acre as in opposition to 2-3 packets within the present technique of cultivation, stated a cotton farmer from Warangal.
“Additionally, they might want to use growth-resistant sprays to make sure uniformity in plant top. This is able to additionally require mechanical planters as it might be tough to sow extra seeds in a single acre utilizing the normal technique,” he stated.
Pest and weed management are additionally essential as dense plantations can result in overpopulation of pests and weeds.
FSII sees the necessity for a unique method within the post-harvest section.
“Mechanically chosen cotton could have extra waste than regular cotton. With a view to ship top quality cotton to the textile mills, ginning mills must set up pre-cleaners,” stated Ram Kaundinya.